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Management of bloodstream infections by infection specialists in France and Germany: a cross-sectional survey

Abstract : Introduction: Bloodstream infections (BSI) are frequent infections worldwide. Our objective was to explore variation in the management of patients with BSI by infection specialists in France and Germany. Methods: This work is part of an international ESCMID cross-sectional internet-based questionnaire survey that was opened from December 2016 to February 2017. All hospital-based infection specialists, senior or trainees, giving at least weekly advice on positive blood cultures could participate. Their practices were evaluated using six clinical vignettes presenting an uncomplicated BSI due to different pathogens. Results: A hundred and ninety-six professionals (125 from Germany and 71 from France) participated. Systematic expert advice for positive blood cultures was more often available in Germany as compared with France (73 vs. 56%, p = 0.004). In Germany, the professional providing the expert advice was more often a microbiologist or a pharmacist as compared with France (p = 0.001 and p = 0.037, respectively) where it was more often an infectious diseases specialist. Fewer German respondents reported to advise systematic IV-oral switch of antibiotic therapy. German respondents also recommended less often combination therapy: for example for Enterococcus faecalis (64 vs. 43%, p = 0.015), ESBL E. coli (94 vs. 67%, p < 0.001) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (76 vs. 37%, p < 0.001). Overall, management of candidaemia was more often compliant with the IDSA guidelines in France as compared with Germany, but no difference was noted for MRSA bacteraemia. Conclusion: Our survey shows that wide variations exist between two neighboring countries in the recommendations by infection specialists for the management of BSI. International guidelines are needed.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02353156
Contributor : Sylvie Vialaron <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 7, 2019 - 11:06:14 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 9:51:23 AM

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Kevin Diallo, Winfried Kern, Katja de With, Amandine Luc, Nathalie Thilly, et al.. Management of bloodstream infections by infection specialists in France and Germany: a cross-sectional survey. Infection, Springer Verlag, 2018, 46 (3), pp.333-339. ⟨10.1007/s15010-018-1122-8⟩. ⟨hal-02353156⟩

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