REE Recovery from the Fern D. Dichotoma by Acid Oxalic Precipitation After Direct Leaching with EDTA

Abstract : Agromining is a phytotechnology aiming at producing commercial metal compounds from low-grade ores thanks to hyperaccumulating plants. The fern Dichranopteris dichotoma is a rare earth element (REE) hyperaccumulator, which naturally grows on former mine tailings in China. It accumulates up to 0.35% of REEs in its aerial parts. Different hydrometallurgical processes are currently developed to recover these elements directly from the biomass or from ashes after combustion. The process presented here consists of a direct extraction by EDTA solution, followed by precipitation with acid oxalic. Optimal precipitation pH and influence of organic matter are determined by modelling and by experimental studies. The final solid contains 4.3% of REEs, with calcium as the main cationic impurity (0.45% of the precipitate). The recovery yield is similar for major REEs and is around 70%. After optimization, upscaling of the process will allow the agromining development to recover REEs from secondary resources with more environmentally friendly techniques
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Submitted on : Friday, November 8, 2019 - 5:02:29 PM
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Baptiste Laubie, Zeinab Chour, Ye-Tao Tang, Jean-Louis Morel, Marie-Odile Simonnot, et al.. REE Recovery from the Fern D. Dichotoma by Acid Oxalic Precipitation After Direct Leaching with EDTA. Extraction 2018: Proceedings of the First Global Conference on Extractive Metallurgy, Aug 2018, Ottawa, Canada. ⟨10.1007%2F978-3-319-95022-8_224⟩. ⟨hal-02356403⟩

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