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Parler pour les animaux : tentatives littéraires contemporaines. Point de vue animal chez Message, Garcia et Darrieussecq

Abstract : This analysis examines three different contemporary literary projects that attempt to account for the animal point of view. In Défaite des maîtres et possesseurs (Seuil, 2016), Vincent Message shows what would happen if humans were superseded by a new species. Humans become the emblem of all animals raised for food consumption. The reversal of roles and the simple pragmatic shift in the subject-object relation in discourses justifying the domination of one species over others allow for a denunciation of the anthropocentric domination over the entire range of living organisms. In Mémoires de la jungle (Gallimard, 2010), Tristan Garcia conceives of a planet deserted by humans and where animals are on the verge of total extinction. The novel’s narrator is a chimpanzee who survived a research program led by humans. Doogie tells his story in a sort of testimony that details his relationship with humans, with animals and with nature. By choosing an animal as his narrator, Garcia places the question of language at the heart of the book. Last, in the epilogue to Mal de Mer (POL, 1998), Marie Darrieussecq seizes the question of the representation of animal subjectivity and offers a long scene written with internal focalization that adopts the point of view of a shark. By separating the technique of point of view from that of polyphony and by radically refusing any form of “voice effect” (“effet de voix”), the female novelist invents the stream of physiological consciousness.
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Contributor : Sophie MILCENT-LAWSON Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, January 11, 2020 - 5:03:53 PM
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Sophie Milcent-Lawson. Parler pour les animaux : tentatives littéraires contemporaines. Point de vue animal chez Message, Garcia et Darrieussecq. Transtext(e)s Transcultures : Journal of Global Cultural Studies, 2018, Représentations de la nature à l'âge de l'anthropocène, 13, pp.[En ligne]. ⟨10.4000/transtexts.1194⟩. ⟨hal-02435863⟩



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