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Patient’s early satisfaction with care: a predictor of health-related quality of life change among outpatients with substance dependence

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Although research on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has increased in the addiction field, few studies have focused on the determinants of HRQoL changes. This study aimed to describe dependent patients' HRQoL changes at a 3-month follow-up and to assess whether satisfaction with care can predict those changes among outpatients starting care for alcohol or opioid dependence. METHODS: HRQoL was measured with the SF-12 at baseline and 3 months later in a prospective cohort of dependent outpatients. Satisfaction was assessed with the EQS-C early after inclusion. Data on sociodemographics, clinical characteristics and patients' levels of anxiety and depression were also collected. A multivariable analysis was performed to identify factors associated with HRQoL changes in both the physical and mental component summary scores (PCS and MCS, respectively). RESULTS: Of the 172 patients included at baseline, a total of 136 patients assessed their satisfaction with care. The mean PCS and MCS scores were initially low, and HRQoL improvement was significant after 3 months for both the PCS and MCS. Never having been married (β = 5.5; p = 0.001) and a lower baseline PCS score (β = - 0.6; p < 0.0001) were associated with significant PCS improvement, whereas being legally compelled to undergo drug treatment (β = - 5.9; p = 0.02) was associated with less PCS change. Higher early satisfaction with care (β = 0.1; p = 0.02) and a lower baseline MCS score (β = - 0.7; p < 0.0001) were associated with significant MCS improvement. CONCLUSION: The study supported the hypothesis that greater satisfaction with care may predict HRQoL improvement among dependent outpatients. Further studies are needed to understand the factors that affect patients' early satisfaction to identify areas of improvement and thus improve HRQoL.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02438413
Contributor : Sylvie Vialaron <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 14, 2020 - 11:10:05 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 10:48:07 AM

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Ophélie Muller, Cédric Baumann, Paolo Di Patrizio, Sarah Viennet, Laura Collet, et al.. Patient’s early satisfaction with care: a predictor of health-related quality of life change among outpatients with substance dependence. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, BioMed Central, 2020, 18 (1), pp.6. ⟨10.1186/s12955-019-1267-x⟩. ⟨hal-02438413⟩

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