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The Social Inclusion of Older People in France : Social Participation, Loneliness and Giving

Abstract : The social exclusion of older people challenges the notion of ag-ing well, both from a scientific and a political perspective. In this con-text, the responses brought to this issue through public policies may vary depending on the diverse scientific theories they are built upon. In France, the first political response to the social exclusion of older people has been the social inclusion policies of the 1960s. In later years, the growing medicalization of old-age policies contributed to relegating this issue to the background, until it resurfaced in the early 2000s with the abnormally high death toll of the 2003 heat wave. The notion of loneliness then replaced social exclusion, highlighting a lack of social cohesion where older people are concerned. The fight against isolation and loneliness became a national cause and was handed over to local stakeholders.This paper analyzes the design and implementation of projects and initiatives targeting older people, and discusses a survey of old-er people examining feelings of loneliness and/or uselessness. We will begin with a brief overview of theories on successful aging, to show how the question of social exclusion eventually came to the forefront. We will then examine the evolution of this notion in French old-age policies. Finally, we will present the findings of the VIEU project, offering avenues of reflection to consider social inclusion from a new perspective
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 28, 2020 - 3:56:24 PM
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Frédéric Balard, Alice Miron, Tatiana Botteau. The Social Inclusion of Older People in France : Social Participation, Loneliness and Giving. HSOA journal of gerontology & geriatric medicine, 2019, 5 (3), ⟨10.24966/GGM-8662/100040⟩. ⟨hal-02458295⟩



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