Ceftazidime, Carbapenems, or Piperacillin-tazobactam as Single Definitive Therapy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bloodstream Infection: A Multisite Retrospective Study - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinical Infectious Diseases Year : 2019

Ceftazidime, Carbapenems, or Piperacillin-tazobactam as Single Definitive Therapy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bloodstream Infection: A Multisite Retrospective Study

Tanya Babich
  • Function : Author
Sally Grier
  • Function : Author
Julie Gibbs
  • Function : Author
Antonio Oliver
Diamantis Kofteridis

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The optimal antibiotic regimen for Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia is controversial. Though beta-lactam monotherapy is common, data to guide the choice between antibiotics are scarce. We aimed to compare ceftazidime, carbapenems, and piperacillin-tazobactam as definitive monotherapy.METHODS: A multinational retrospective study (9 countries, 25 centers), including hospitalized patients with P . aeruginosa bacteremia treated with beta-lactam monotherapy during 2009-2015. The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Univariate and multivariate analyses, including propensity adjusted analysis, were conducted introducing monotherapy type as an independent variable.RESULTS: We included 767 patients. Thirty-day mortality was 37/213 (17.4%) in the ceftazidime group; 42/210 (20%) in the carbapenem group, and 55/344 (16%) in the piperacillin-tazobactam group. Type of monotherapy was not significantly associated with mortality in either univariate, multivariate or propensity adjusted analyses (odds ratio [OR] 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.52-2.46 for ceftazidime, OR 1.3, 95% CI 0.67-2.51 for piperacillin-tazobactam with carbapenems as reference in propensity adjusted multivariate analysis, 542 patients). No significant difference between antibiotics was demonstrated for clinical failure, microbiological failure, or adverse events. Isolation of P. aeruginosa with new resistance to antipseudomonal drugs was significantly more frequently with carbapenems (36/206, 17.5% versus ceftazidime 25/201, 12.4% and piperacillin-tazobactam 28/332, 8.4%, p=0.007).CONCLUSIONS: No significant difference in mortality, clinical, and microbiological outcomes or adverse events was demonstrated between ceftazidime, carbapenems and piperacillin-tazobactam as definitive treatment of P. aeruginosa bacteremia. Higher rates of resistant P. aeruginosa after patients were treated with carbapenems, along with the general preference for carbapenem-sparing regimens, suggests using ceftazidime or piperacillin-tazobactam for treating susceptible infection.
No file

Dates and versions

hal-02459183 , version 1 (29-01-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Tanya Babich, Pontus Naucler, John Karlsson Valik, Christian Giske, Natividad Benito, et al.. Ceftazidime, Carbapenems, or Piperacillin-tazobactam as Single Definitive Therapy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bloodstream Infection: A Multisite Retrospective Study. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2019, 70 (11), pp.2270-2280. ⟨10.1093/cid/ciz668⟩. ⟨hal-02459183⟩
138 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More