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GIS Utility For Hydrological Impact Evaluation Caused By Damages Of Water Supply Network In Rural Areas. Applications In Baia Mare Depression

Abstract : GIS utility for hydrological impact evaluation caused by damages of water supply network in rural areas. Applications in Baia Mare Depression. Occurrence of a failure within the water supply network is an element of risk with important hydrological implications. Although at first glance you might think that a pipe diameter of only 20 cm can generate large effects, however, in case of significant damage or even burst pipe, a good part of high water flow in the pipe (approx. 25 m 3 /h on average in the Baia Mare) associated with a long duration of failure (several hours) may be in the drain area, impact on the local community. Regarding rural settlements, surface drainage allow a quantity of water retention tank underground infiltration but in many cases lack of a sewage system effectively contribute to increased negative consequences related to such damage (flooding farms, roads, crops compromise of flooding or drought in the event of damage to the hot water supply pipe and so on). This paper focuses on the role of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to assess the impact of runoff induced by damages in rural areas. The study therefore spatial aspect, through GIS, on the one hand runoff along the flow path with the start point of the network fault location and view previous hydrological conditions of the terrain, and on the other hand the impact of runoff the rural community. Study area Dumbrăviţa settlement located in Baia Mare Depression. This village is part of water supply system to the south and southeast of Baia Mare.
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Radu Alexandru Marian, Ionel Haidu, Augustin Crăciun, Bogdan Văduva. GIS Utility For Hydrological Impact Evaluation Caused By Damages Of Water Supply Network In Rural Areas. Applications In Baia Mare Depression. Geographia Napocensis , Academia Romana - Filiala Cluj Colectivul de Geografie, 2012, VI (2). ⟨hal-02488191⟩

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