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Nested structure of intraspecific competition network in Carnobacterium maltaromaticum

Abstract : While competition targeting food-borne pathogens is being widely documented, few studies have focused on competition among non-pathogenic food bacteria. Carnobacterium maltaromaticum is a genetically diverse lactic acid bacterium known for comprising several bacteriocinogenic strains with bioprotective potentialities against the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. The aim of our study is to examine the network properties of competition among a collection of 73 strains of C. maltaromaticum and to characterize their individual interaction potential. The performed high-throughput competition assays, investigating 5 329 pairwise interactions, showed that intraspecific competition was major in C. maltaromaticum with approximately 56% of the sender strains antagonizing at least one receiver strain. A high diversity of inhibitory and sensitivity spectra was identified along with a majority of narrow inhibitory as well as sensitivity spectra. Through network analysis approach, we determined the highly nested architecture of C. maltaromaticum competition network, thus showing that competition in this species is determined by both the spectrum width of the inhibitory activity of sender strains and the spectrum width of the sensitivity of receiver strains. This study provides knowledge of the competition network in C. maltaromaticum that could be used in rational assembly of compatible microbial strains for the design of mixed starter cultures.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 16, 2021 - 10:45:06 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 8, 2022 - 10:06:23 AM


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Nancy Ramia, Cécile Mangavel, Claire Gaiani, Aurélie Muller-Gueudin, Samir Taha, et al.. Nested structure of intraspecific competition network in Carnobacterium maltaromaticum. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 10 (1), pp.1-9. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-63844-5⟩. ⟨hal-02573667⟩



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