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Current-driven transverse domain wall oscillations in perpendicular spin-valve structures

Abstract : Spin-transfer-driven oscillations of a transverse domain wall confined to a perpendicular spin-valve structure are investigated using a one-dimensional model. The stack consists of a polarizer, nonmagnetic spacer, soft free layer, and pinned magnetic layer. It is found that the domain-wall oscillation frequency is a nonmonotonic, highly asymmetrical function of applied electric current, showing a strong dependence on the current direction and the relative strengths of the interfacial and bulk spin-transfer torques. Micromagnetic analysis reveals that the surprising and atypical oscillator response is due to an interplay between the interfacial spin-transfer torque, the bulk spin-transfer torque, the exchange torque, and the damping torque. The underlying physical and material responses are examined, including the important role of the domain-wall twist. The competitions between the involved torques under different operating conditions suggest that the oscillator could serve as a model system to investigate magnetic and spintronic phenomena at the nanoscale. The observed current-dependent twisting of the free-layer magnetization about the axis of precession may further be found interesting for investigations of the interaction between spin-polarized current and chiral spin structures.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 1:45:35 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 27, 2022 - 4:47:01 AM
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M V Lubarda, M Kuteifan, C.-H Lambert, V. Lomakin, E. E. Fullerton, et al.. Current-driven transverse domain wall oscillations in perpendicular spin-valve structures. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter (1978-1997), American Physical Society, 2020, 102, pp.014405. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.102.014405⟩. ⟨hal-02893574⟩



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