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Two intrauterine programming mechanisms of adult hypercholesterolemia induced by prenatal nicotine exposure in male offspring rats

Abstract : Epidemiologic studies showed that low birth weight is associated with high cholesterol and an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. This study aimed to elucidate the intrauterine programming mechanisms of adult hypercholesterolemia. The results showed that prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE) caused intrauterine growth retardation and hypercholesterolemia in male adult offspring rats. Hepatic cholesterol synthesis and output were deceased in utero but increased in adults; hepatic reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) persistently deceased before and after birth. Meanwhile, PNE elevated serum corticosterone level and decreased hepatic IGF1 pathway activity in male fetuses, whereas converse changes were observed in male adults. The chronic stress model and cortisol-treated HepG2 cells verified that excessive glucocorticoid (GC)-induced GC-IGF1 axis programming enhanced hepatic cholesterol synthesis and output. In addition, PNE decreased the expression of specific protein 1 and P300 enrichment and H3K27 acetylation at the promoter region of genes responsible for RCT both in fetal and adult, male livers and reduced expression of those genes, similar alterations were also confirmed in cortisol-treated HepG2 cells, suggesting that excessive GC-related programming induced continuous RCT reduction by epigenetic modification. Taken together, the “2-programming” approach discussed above may ultimately contribute to the development of hypercholesterolemia in male adult offspring.—Zhou, J., Zhu, C., Luo, H., Shen, L., Gong, J., Wu, Y., Magdalou, J., Chen, L., Guo, Y., Wang, H. Two intrauterine programming mechanisms of adult hypercholesterolemia induced by prenatal nicotine exposure in male offspring rats. FASEB J. 33, 1110–1123 (2019).
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02969336
Contributor : Céline Huselstein Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, October 16, 2020 - 3:16:39 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:18:10 PM

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Jin Zhou, Chunyan Zhu, Hanwen Luo, Lang Shen, Jun Gong, et al.. Two intrauterine programming mechanisms of adult hypercholesterolemia induced by prenatal nicotine exposure in male offspring rats. FASEB Journal, 2018, 33 (1), pp.1110-1123. ⟨10.1096/fj.201800172R⟩. ⟨hal-02969336⟩

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