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Influencing factors, underlying mechanism and interactions affecting hypercholesterolemia in adult offspring with caffeine exposure during pregnancy

Abstract : Epidemiological surveys suggest that adult hypercholesterolemia has an intrauterine origin and exhibits gender differences. Our previous study demonstrated that adult rats with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) offspring rats induced by prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) had a higher serum total cholesterol (TCH) level. In this study, we aimed to analyze the influencing factors, underlying mechanism and interactions affecting hypercholesterolemia in adult offspring with caffeine exposure during pregnancy. Pregnant rats were administered caffeine (120 mg/kg d) from gestational day 11 until delivery. Offspring rats fed a normal diet or a high-fat diet (HFD) were euthanized at postnatal week 24, and blood and liver samples were collected. The results showed that PCE could increase the serum levels of TCH and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and the hepatic expression of HMG CoA reductase (HMGCR) and apolipoprotein B (ApoB), but decreased the high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) level and the hepatic expression of scavenger receptor B1 (SR-B1) and LDL receptor (LDLR). Furthermore, PCE, HFD and gender interact with each other to influence the serum cholesterol phenotype and expression of hepatic cholesterol metabolic genes. These results suggest that the hypercholesterolemia in adult offspring rats induced by PCE mainly resulted from enhanced synthesis and the weakened reverse transport of cholesterol in the liver, furthermore HFD could aggravate this effect, which is caused by hepatic cholesterol metabolic disorders. Moreover, cholesterol metabolism in female rats was more sensitive to neuroendocrine changes and HFD than that in males. This study confirmed the influencing factors (such as a HFD and female gender) of hypercholesterolemia in IUGR offspring providing theoretical and experimental bases for the effective prevention of fetal-originated hypercholesterolemia.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02970056
Contributor : Céline Huselstein Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, October 17, 2020 - 1:06:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:18:10 PM

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Yitian Guo, Hanwen Luo, Yimeng Wu, Jacques Magdalou, Liaobin Chen, et al.. Influencing factors, underlying mechanism and interactions affecting hypercholesterolemia in adult offspring with caffeine exposure during pregnancy. Reproductive Toxicology, Elsevier, 2018, 79, pp.47-56. ⟨10.1016/j.reprotox.2018.05.005⟩. ⟨hal-02970056⟩

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