Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Rice Straw - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Engineering technology and Applied science research Year : 2020

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Rice Straw

Abstract

This study aims to determine the physical characteristics of rice straw and highlights the presence of sugar in rice straw. The use of natural fibers as a reinforcement in construction has existed for millennia. They are mixed with clay to make building materials. This addition avoids cracks and sometimes contributes to flexural strength. Researchers have detected a high level of sugar in natural fibers. This sugar contained in the biomass is at the origin of the setting delay and the hardening of the building materials. Another not least significant defect found in natural fiber is its high water absorption potential. This hydrophilic character is due to the intrinsic porosity of the straws. This article aims to determine the physical characteristics of rice straw and highlights the presence of sugar in rice straw. First, the density and water absorption rate of the rice straw were determined. Then chemical tests were carried out to determine the rate of mineral constituents (ash), lignin, hemicellulose and finally the rate of cellulose is deduced. Like most crop straws, rice straw contains a high level of sugar. It also has a very low density compared to other building materials. It is around 450 kg/m3 . Rice straw also has a high water absorption rate. The absorption rate absorption rate (At) 5 min of immersion in water, its absorption rate reaches 234%.

Dates and versions

hal-02981980 , version 1 (28-10-2020)

Licence

Public Domain

Identifiers

Cite

Abakar Ali, Abdallah Dadi Mahamat, Andre Donnot, Jean-Louis Tanguier, Riad Benelmir. Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Rice Straw. Engineering technology and Applied science research , 2020, 17 (4), pp.115-121. ⟨10.19026/rjaset.17.5478⟩. ⟨hal-02981980⟩
1473 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More