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Magnetic phases in superconducting, polycrystalline bulk FeSe samples

Abstract : For possible applications as trapped field (TF) magnets, it is essential to fabricate large, polycrystalline bulk samples from the FeSe compound, the simplest high-Tc superconductor (HTSc) possible. FeSe is relatively cheap to prepare, and does not contain any rare-earth material. The grain boundaries in this compound are not acting as weak links as it is the case for the YBCO compound. Although the transition temperature, Tc, is just below 10 K, the upper critical fields are comparable with other HTSc. Preparing the FeSe samples using solid-state sintering yields samples exhibiting strong magnetic hysteresis loops (MHLs), and the superconducting contribution is only visible after subtracting MHLs from above Tc. Due to the complicated phase diagram [1], the samples are a mixture of several phases, α-FeSe, β-FeSe, δ-FeSe (Fe7Se8) and metallic α-Fe [2]. The amount of the latter two phases depends directly on the Se loss during the sintering process. The δ-FeSe is antiferromagnetic, and α-Fe is ferromagnetic [3]. In the present contribution, we show MHLs of a variety of samples measured up to ±7 T and determine the magnetic characteristics, together with the amount of superconductivity determined from M(T) measurements. We performed a thorough analysis of the microstructures using polarization microscopy, Kerr effect, MFM, SEM, EBSD and TEM in order to establish a relation between microstructure and sample properties. To prepare good superconducting samples, the presence of the (anti)ferromagnetic phases must be reduced by carefully adjusting the Se content using Ti foils as getter materials. Measuring magnetoresistance of these samples [4] implies that the samples are always cooled in the own local field, and thus, the analysis of the resistance data calculating the fluctuation-induced conductivity above Tc [5] is strongly affected by this local magnetic field. We demonstrate the importance of preparing phase-pure FeSe samples, which are essential for the various applications envisaged. This work is part of the SUPERFOAM international project funded by ANR and DFG under the references ANR-17-CE05-0030 and DFG-ANR Ko2323-10, respectively. References [1] H. Okamoto, J. Phase Equilibria 12, 383 (1991). [2] P. Diko et al., Physica C 476, 29 (2012). [3] A. J. Williams, T. M. McQueen, R. J. Cava, Solid State Commun.149, 1507 (2009). [4] T- Karwoth et al., J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 1054, 012018 (2018). [5] A. Almessiere et al., Mat. Chem. Phys. 243, 122665 (2020).
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Submitted on : Monday, November 9, 2020 - 2:43:03 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02996089, version 1



Quentin Nouailhetas, Anjela Koblischka-Veneva, Michael Koblischka, Kévin Berger, Bruno Douine, et al.. Magnetic phases in superconducting, polycrystalline bulk FeSe samples. 65th Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (MMM 2020), Nov 2020, Palm Beach, FL (Virtual Conference), United States. ⟨hal-02996089⟩



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