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« On a une étiquette après quand on vient là. » Le travail de la honte dans l’accès aux droits

Abstract : Based on the study of the practical modalities of the access to social rights in France, the paper analyses the different forms of the politicization of shame that is taking place in France in the context of public action against poverty and inclusion. On one hand, it shows that, by considering the shame as an effective explanation of the “non-take-up” and the “non-use” by the people of their social rights, and therefore by making it a matter of public concern, the public actors have contributed to its politicization. But, on the other hand, the paper points out the ambivalence of this public action which is more material than symbolic and doesn’t target the ordinary sense of justice of the people concerned, a sine qua non condition for helping them to recover the capacity to think social benefits as a right to be exerted. It also shows that this public action is implemented in the context of a reinforcement of suspicion and of increasing controls against the recipients of social benefits. In conclusion, it shows that it’s more the managing of shame than the empowerment of the access to rights which is the focus, in France, of the political discourses on poverty.
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Contributor : Hervé Levilain Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 13, 2020 - 8:33:56 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 3:57:26 PM




Hervé Levilain. « On a une étiquette après quand on vient là. » Le travail de la honte dans l’accès aux droits. Pensée Plurielle - Parole, pratiques et réflexions du social , Haute École Charleroi-Europe / De Boeck Supérieur, 2017, 44 (1), pp.35-45. ⟨10.3917/pp.044.0035⟩. ⟨hal-03002979⟩



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