Auriferous Quartz Veining Due to CO2 Content Variations and Decompressional Cooling, Revealed by Quartz Solubility, SEM-CL and Fluid Inclusion Analyses (The Linglong Goldfield, Jiaodong) - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Minerals Year : 2020

Auriferous Quartz Veining Due to CO2 Content Variations and Decompressional Cooling, Revealed by Quartz Solubility, SEM-CL and Fluid Inclusion Analyses (The Linglong Goldfield, Jiaodong)

Qing Wei
  • Function : Author
Hongrui Fan
  • Function : Author
Jacques Pironon
Xuan Liu
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Quartz is the most common gangue mineral in hydrothermal veins. Coupled with capacities of hosting fluid inclusions and recording varieties of microtextures, its solubility behavior may provide unparalleled insights into hydrothermal processes. In this study, the Linglong goldfield in Jiaodong is targeted to investigate gold-producing quartz veining process. Scanning electron microscope (SEM)-cathodoluminescence (CL) imaging uncovered three episodes of quartz deposition, intervened by an episode of quartz dissolution. Based on newly-developed quartz solubility diagrams and CL-aided fluid inclusion microthermometry, it is proposed that precipitation of the earliest quartz (Qz1) was controlled by CO 2 content increase and subordinately affected by decompressional cooling, leading to the formation of the early thick gold-barren veins (V1); the second generation of quartz (Qz2a) was formed by the same fluids that may have been diluted and cooled by meteoric water, leading to a greatly reduced quantity of quartz and the deposition of pyrite and gold; and the third generation of quartz (Qz2b) was deposited along with polymetallic sulfides, due to fluid cooling following a quartz dissolution event likely induced by cooling in retrograde solubility region and/or CO 2 content decrease. This research may elucidate gold formation processes in orogenic intrusion-related deposits, and points to imperative CL-based in situ analyses for future studies.
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hal-03004026 , version 1 (13-11-2020)

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Qing Wei, Hongrui Fan, Jacques Pironon, Xuan Liu. Auriferous Quartz Veining Due to CO2 Content Variations and Decompressional Cooling, Revealed by Quartz Solubility, SEM-CL and Fluid Inclusion Analyses (The Linglong Goldfield, Jiaodong). Minerals, 2020, 10 (5), pp.417. ⟨10.3390/min10050417⟩. ⟨hal-03004026⟩
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