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Journal Articles Blood Pressure Year : 2020

Screening for hypertension at the hairdresser: a feasibility study in France and Morocco

Abstract

Purpose: Worldwide, hypertension awareness remains largely insufficient. This is particularly true in some population subgroups with a low socioeconomic status or in young adults who have limited interactions with healthcare systems. Performing Blood Pressure (BP) screening in non-conventional settings, such as in barbershops, has been suggested by a number of American authors. Whether this approach is feasible in Europe or in North Africa has not been evaluated, however. We, therefore, undertook a study to assess the value of BP screening at hairdressers in France and in Morocco.Materials and Methods: This was a prospective multicenter feasibility study. Twenty-three hairdressers in France and six in Morocco participated in the study. After being provided the relevant information, all consenting customers aged over 18 years were included. Three BP measurements were performed by the customers themselves using a validated Omron M7 automatic BP device connected to a printer.Results: In France, 1025 subjects were enrolled, while 300 subjects participated in Morocco. Three hundred and seventy French participants (36%) had an elevated BP. Among the subjects claiming to be normotensive or who did not know their hypertension status, 31.7% had a BP ≥ 135/85 mmHg. Only 42% of the subjects with an elevated BP contacted their physician within 3 months, although hypertension was confirmed in ¾ of them. In Morocco, the participants were older, with only 11.7% of the subjects aged <50 years. They more frequently had unknown elevated BP values (71.9%). The rate of BP monitoring in known hypertensive individuals was 42.7% in France and 17.1% in Morocco. The procedure was very well accepted and considered to be useful in both countries.Conclusion: BP screening at hairdressers is feasible and well-accepted, although it does suffer somewhat from a relatively low efficacy.
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Dates and versions

hal-03025851 , version 1 (26-11-2020)

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Jean-Marc Boivin, J. Risse, E. Laurière, M. Burnier. Screening for hypertension at the hairdresser: a feasibility study in France and Morocco. Blood Pressure, 2020, 29 (4), pp.202-208. ⟨10.1080/08037051.2020.1728189⟩. ⟨hal-03025851⟩
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