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Structure and electrochemical properties of carbon nanostructures derived from nickel(II) and iron(II) phthalocyanines

Abstract : Mesoporous carbons containing up to 3.6 at.% N and 4.4 at.% O and exhibiting graphitic character have been prepared from Ni(II) and Fe(II) phthalocyanines by direct pyrolysis or by HTC + pyrolysis, and subsequently applied as supercapacitor materials. No mesoporous templates or doping post-treatments were used, and the catalytic effect of Ni(II) and Fe(II), naturally present in the precursor molecules, allowed obtaining graphitic carbons at temperatures £ 900°C. Metals were encapsulated in the core of onion-like structures with no contact with the electrolyte, so that electrodes were prevented from degradation during device operation. The materials exhibited high rate capabilities up to 1 V s-1 , higher interfacial capacitances than a wide variety of materials possessing higher surface areas, and high capacitance retentions up to 99% at 5 A g-1 current density throughout 10 000 *Main documents (including title page, MS text, references,Tables and Figures) Click here to view linked References 2 charge-discharge cycles. The electrochemical performances of the phthalocyanine-derived carbons are due to their graphitic character and to the pseudocapacitance contribution of the surface groups through Faradaic reactions. This work opens a new way to obtain carbon materials from a great family of metal phthalocyanines, since the central metal and the radicals of the latter can be varied to tune the carbon properties for specific applications.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03039277
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Submitted on : Saturday, December 26, 2020 - 5:56:12 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 3:36:49 AM

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Angela Sanchez-Sanchez, Maria Izquierdo, Sandrine Mathieu, Jaafar Ghanbaja, Alain Celzard, et al.. Structure and electrochemical properties of carbon nanostructures derived from nickel(II) and iron(II) phthalocyanines. International journal of advanced research, International journal of advanced research, 2020, 22, pp.85-97. ⟨10.1016/j.jare.2019.11.004⟩. ⟨hal-03039277⟩

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