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Book Section Year : 2017

Organosolv Processes

Abstract

Biofuels and chemicals can be produced from lignocellulosic feedstocks using biotechnological processes. The effective utilization of carbohydrates from biomass for the production of biofuels necessitates the development of pretreatment technologies to enhance their enzymatic digestibility. Among all the various pretreatment methods currently studied and developed, the organosolv processes, in which organic solvents or aqueous organic solvent mixtures are used as the pretreatment medium, appear to be specially promising in the context of the biorefinery because (1) they produce cellulosic pulp with a good enzymatic digestibility for monomeric glucose production and (2) they allow a clean fractionation of the major biomass components (cellulose, lignin, and hemicelluloses) into three process streams. In this chapter we give an updated overview of organosolv methods using conventional solvents and ionic liquids which have recently gained considerable interest as solvents for lignocellulosic biomass and pretreatment.
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Dates and versions

hal-03047142 , version 1 (08-12-2020)

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Nicolas Brosse, Mohd Hazwan Hussin, Afidah Abdul Rahim. Organosolv Processes. K. Wagemann; N. Tippkötter. Organosolv Processes, 166, Springer, pp.153-176, 2017, Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology, 978-3-319-97117-9. ⟨10.1007/10_2016_61⟩. ⟨hal-03047142⟩
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