Molecular Identification of Endophytic Bacteria in Leucojum aestivum In Vitro Culture, NMR-Based Metabolomics Study and LC-MS Analysis Leading to Potential Amaryllidaceae Alkaloid Production - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2021

Molecular Identification of Endophytic Bacteria in Leucojum aestivum In Vitro Culture, NMR-Based Metabolomics Study and LC-MS Analysis Leading to Potential Amaryllidaceae Alkaloid Production

Rosella Spina
Sahar Saliba
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  • PersonId : 785706
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Alain Hehn
Séverine Piutti

Abstract

In this study, endophytic bacteria belonging to the Bacillus genus were isolated from in vitro bulblets of Leucojum aestivum and their ability to produce Amaryllidaceae alkaloids was studied. Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (H-1 NMR)-based metabolomics combined with multivariate data analysis was chosen to compare the metabolism of this plant (in vivo bulbs, in vitro bulblets) with those of the endophytic bacteria community. Primary metabolites were quantified by quantitative H-1 NMR (qNMR) method. The results showed that tyrosine, one precursor of the Amaryllidaceae alkaloid biosynthesis pathway, was higher in endophytic extract compared to plant extract. In total, 22 compounds were identified including five molecules common to plant and endophyte extracts (tyrosine, isoleucine, valine, fatty acids and tyramine). In addition, endophytic extracts were analyzed using Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) for the identification of compounds in very low concentrations. Five Amaryllidaceae alkaloids were detected in the extracts of endophytic bacteria. Lycorine, previously detected by H-1 NMR, was confirmed with LC-MS analysis. Tazettine, pseudolycorine, acetylpseudolycorine, 1,2-dihydro-chlidanthine were also identified by LC-MS using the positive ionization mode or by GC-MS. In addition, 11 primary metabolites were identified in the endophytic extracts such as tyramine, which was obtained by decarboxylation of tyrosine. Thus, Bacillus sp. isolated from L. aestivum bulblets synthesized some primary and specialized metabolites in common with the L. aestivum plant. These endophytic bacteria are an interesting new approach for producing the Amaryllidaceae alkaloid such as lycorine.

Dates and versions

hal-03139936 , version 1 (12-02-2021)

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Rosella Spina, Sahar Saliba, François Dupire, Agata Ptak, Alain Hehn, et al.. Molecular Identification of Endophytic Bacteria in Leucojum aestivum In Vitro Culture, NMR-Based Metabolomics Study and LC-MS Analysis Leading to Potential Amaryllidaceae Alkaloid Production. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22 (4), pp.1773. ⟨10.3390/ijms22041773⟩. ⟨hal-03139936⟩
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