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Finite element and experimental structural analysis of endodontic rotary file made of Cu-based single crystal SMA considering a micromechanical behavior model

Abstract : Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) are widely used in endodontics as instruments for root canal preparation namely endodontic rotary files. Despite their high performances, compared to stainless steel instruments, it is still possible to enhance their cutting efficiency by acting on their shape and material properties. As an example, increasing the exhibited reversible martensitic transformation strain makes them more flexible without decreasing their mechanical strength. It becomes possible with single crystal SMAs. Cu-based (Cu-Al-Be, Cu-Zn-Al, Cu-Al-Mn) single crystal SMAs start emerging and can reach about 12% of martensitic transformation strain, in addition to their interesting antimicrobial properties. This study investigates, both numerically and experimentally, the development of endodontic files made of Cu-based single crystal SMAs. The numerical analysis is carried out by the finite element method. The geometry of the instrument is parameterized. Depending on the applied boundary conditions, bending, torsion, or combined bending-torsion loadings are represented. A micromechanical constitutive law is implemented in Abaqus via the UMAT subroutine to describe the thermomechanical behavior of the Cu-based single crystal SMA. Following the thus obtained numerical results, Coltene-Micromega company has manufactured endodontic file prototypes made of Cu-Al-Be single crystal SMA. A specific setup applying the same boundary conditions of torsion-bending loading is used to characterize these SMA file prototypes. The good agreement between experimental and numerical responses, for a combined bending-torsion loading, proves the relevance of the proposed approach and the pertinence of considering Cu-based SMAs for endodontic file applications.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03228880
Contributor : Tarak Ben Zineb <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 18, 2021 - 2:34:33 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 2:12:43 PM

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Paul Xolin, Christophe Collard, Marc Engels-Deutsch, Tarak Ben Zineb. Finite element and experimental structural analysis of endodontic rotary file made of Cu-based single crystal SMA considering a micromechanical behavior model. International Journal of Solids and Structures, Elsevier, 2021, 221, pp.180-196. ⟨10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2021.01.015⟩. ⟨hal-03228880⟩

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