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Identification of patients with atrial fibrillation: a big data exploratory analysis of the UK Biobank

Abstract : Objective: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, with an estimated prevalence of around 1.6% in the adult population. The analysis of the electrocardiogram (ECG) data acquired in the UK Biobank represents an opportunity to screen for AF in a large sub-population in the UK. The main objective of this paper is to assess ten machine-learning methods for automated detection of subjects with AF in the UK Biobank dataset. Approach: Six classical machine-learning methods based on support vector machines are proposed and compared with state-of-the-art techniques (including a deep-learning algorithm), and finally a combination of a classical machine-learning and deep learning approaches. Evaluation is carried out on a subset of the UK Biobank dataset, manually annotated by human experts. Main results: The combined classical machine-learning and deep learning method achieved an F1 score of 84.8% on the test subset, and a Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.83, which is similar to the inter-observer agreement of two human experts. Significance: The level of performance indicates that the automated detection of AF in patients whose data have been stored in a large database, such as the UK Biobank, is possible. Such automated identification of AF patients would enable further investigations aimed at identifying the different phenotypes associated with AF.
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Contributor : Juliette Birker <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 3:39:31 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 31, 2021 - 3:26:02 PM

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Julien Oster, Jemma Hopewell, Klemen Ziberna, Rohan Wijesurendra, Christian Camm, et al.. Identification of patients with atrial fibrillation: a big data exploratory analysis of the UK Biobank. Physiological Measurement, IOP Publishing, 2020, 41 (2), pp.025001. ⟨10.1088/1361-6579/ab6f9a⟩. ⟨hal-03234933⟩



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