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Variation de la microstructure des argiles remaniées sous chargement triaxial et phénomène de dilatance

Abstract : This experimental work aimed to identify local mechanisms in remoulded clays under different triaxial loading conditions. The behaviour at a given stress level reached by two different stress paths, i.e. the conventional constant σ′ 3 stress path and the purely deviatoric stress path, and the behaviour at two different stress levels along a given stress path were examined. The investigation concerned both normally consolidated and overconsolidated saturated specimens of remoulded kaolin clay. The microstructural states of the clay specimens induced by different triaxial loading paths were examined at two different scales using the scanning electron microscopy and the X-ray microtomography. The results highlighted five particle orientation modes that could be activated. These modes seem to be highly dependent on the stress level, the overconsolidation ratio and the stress path. Mesocracks were found to develop within strongly overconsolidated specimens accompanied by the occurrence of dilatancy. The proposed conceptual modes provide an interesting approach to understand the mechanical behaviour of remoulded clays, especially the macroscale dilatancy phenomenon, through the possible activation of different mechanisms at micro- and mesoscales.
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Submitted on : Sunday, June 6, 2021 - 8:53:27 PM
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Lamine Ighil Ameur, Mahdia Hattab, Qian-Feng Gao. Variation de la microstructure des argiles remaniées sous chargement triaxial et phénomène de dilatance. Revue française de Géotechnique, 2020, 165, pp.2. ⟨10.1051/geotech/2020025⟩. ⟨hal-03251250⟩



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