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Differential effect of mechanical thrombectomy and intravenous thrombolysis in atrial fibrillation associated stroke

Abstract : Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) associated ischemic stroke has worse functional outcomes, less effective recanalization, and increased rates of hemorrhagic complications after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). Limited data exist about the effect of AF on procedural and clinical outcomes after mechanical thrombectomy (MT). Objective To determine whether recanalization efficacy, procedural speed, and clinical outcomes differ in AF associated stroke treated with MT. Methods We performed a retrospective cohort study of the Stroke Thrombectomy and Aneurysm Registry (STAR) from January 2015 to December 2018 and identified 4169 patients who underwent MT for an anterior circulation stroke, 1517 (36.4 %) of whom had comorbid AF. Prospectively defined baseline characteristics, procedural outcomes, and clinical outcomes were reported and compared. Results AF predicted faster procedural times, fewer passes, and higher rates of first pass success on multivariate analysis (p<0.01). AF had no effect on intracranial hemorrhage (aOR 0.69, 95% CI 0.43 to 1.12) or 90-day functional outcomes (aOR 1.17, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.50) after MT, although patients with AF were less likely to receive IVT (46% vs 54%, p<0.0001). Conclusions In patients treated with MT, comorbid AF is associated with faster procedural time, fewer passes, and increased rates of first pass success without increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage or worse functional outcomes. These results are in contrast to the increased hemorrhage rates and worse functional outcomes observed in AF associated stroke treated with supportive care and or IVT. These data suggest that MT negates the AF penalty in ischemic stroke.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03268509
Contributor : Juliette Birker <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 23, 2021 - 11:41:33 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 9, 2021 - 3:01:18 PM

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Feras Akbik, Ali Alawieh, C Michael Cawley, Brian Howard, Frank Tong, et al.. Differential effect of mechanical thrombectomy and intravenous thrombolysis in atrial fibrillation associated stroke. Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery, BMJ Journals, 2020, pp.neurintsurg-2020-016720. ⟨10.1136/neurintsurg-2020-016720⟩. ⟨hal-03268509⟩

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