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Physical and Chemical Activation of Graphene-Derived Porous Nanomaterials for Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture

Abstract : Activation is commonly used to improve the surface and porosity of different kinds of carbon nanomaterials: activated carbon, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and carbon black. In this study, both physical and chemical activations are applied to graphene oxide by using CO2 and KOH-based approaches, respectively. The structural and the chemical properties of the prepared activated graphene are deeply characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectrometry and nitrogen adsorption. Temperature activation is shown to be a key parameter leading to enhanced CO2 adsorption capacity of the graphene oxide-based materials. The specific surface area is increased from 219.3 m2 g−1 for starting graphene oxide to 762.5 and 1060.5 m2 g−1 after physical and chemical activation, respectively. The performance of CO2 adsorption is gradually enhanced with the activation temperature for both approaches: for the best performances of a factor of 6.5 and 9 for physical and chemical activation, respectively. The measured CO2 capacities are of 27.2 mg g−1 and 38.9 mg g−1 for the physically and chemically activated graphene, respectively, at 25 °C and 1 bar.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03428560
Contributor : Brigitte Vigolo Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 11:00:03 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 3:56:49 AM

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Rabita Mohd Firdaus, Alexandre Desforges, Mélanie Emo, Abdul Rahman Mohamed, Brigitte Vigolo. Physical and Chemical Activation of Graphene-Derived Porous Nanomaterials for Post-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture. Nanomaterials, MDPI, 2021, 10, pp.1258. ⟨10.3390/nano11092419⟩. ⟨hal-03428560⟩

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