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Des chemins qui ne se croisent pas ? Les itinéraires des élites et des humbles dans le royaume de France et sur ses marges à la fin du Moyen Âge 

Abstract : To study the experience of the road during the Middle Ages should allow us to understand not only where the roads were but also who were on these roads and why. Literary sources highlight how much the experience of space depended on the roads : the steps on the highways were famous and fixed in long-term memory in the form of road legends. This popular knowledge influenced the representations of royal elites, who chose for political reasons to focus on major axes to the detriment of landlocked areas, as in Auvergne. Were the people affected by such a hierarchy ? We can show that the people did not always circulate where we would expect and that the people did circulate where we did not expect. During the Hundred Years War, the Norman rebels and those who were fleeing Ile-de-France traveled away from the main roads so as not to be seen. Moreover, some infrastructure was built for the sole use of elites. In Forez, the villagers did not use the bridges but preferred to cross the Loire wading. Finally, the example of the Jura mountains proves that popular trafic was not tightly controlled : in some cases, the different social classes did not take the same roads.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03517966
Contributor : Léonard Dauphant Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, January 27, 2022 - 3:16:12 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 15, 2022 - 10:14:34 AM

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Léonard Dauphant. Des chemins qui ne se croisent pas ? Les itinéraires des élites et des humbles dans le royaume de France et sur ses marges à la fin du Moyen Âge . Revue historique, Presses Universitaires de France, 2021, 3 (699), pp.717-737. ⟨10.3917/rhis.213.0717⟩. ⟨hal-03517966⟩

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