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Journal Articles Review of Scientific Instruments Year : 2022

A new technique for tokamak edge density measurement based on microwave interferometer

Abstract

A novel approach for density measurements at the edge of a hot plasma device is presented-Microwave Interferometer in the Limiter Shadow (MILS). The diagnostic technique is based on measuring the change in phase and power of a microwave beam passing tangentially through the edge plasma, perpendicular to the background magnetic field. The wave propagation involves varying combinations of refraction, phase change, and further interference of the beam fractions. A 3D model is constructed as a synthetic diagnostic for MILS and allows exploring this broad range of wave propagation regimes. The diagnostic parameters, such as its dimensions, frequency, and configuration of the emitter and receiver antennas, should be balanced to meet the target range and location of measurements. It can be therefore adjusted for various conditions, and here, the diagnostic concept is evaluated on a chosen example, which was taken as suitable to cover densities of ∼10 15 to 10 19 m −3 on the edge of the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. Based on a density profile with a fixed radial shape, appropriate for experimental density approximation, a database of synthetic diagnostic measurements is built. The developed genetic algorithm genMILS of density profile reconstruction using the constructed database has quite low errors. It is estimated as ∼5% to 15% for density ≥10 17 m −3. Therefore, the new diagnostic technique (with a dedicated data processing algorithm) has a large potential in practical applications in a wide range of densities, with low errors in the numerical model and in the method of density reconstruction, so the total error and the density estimation accuracy are expected to be defined mostly by experimental uncertainties.
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Dates and versions

hal-03519870 , version 1 (10-01-2022)

Identifiers

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Mariia Usoltceva, Stéphane Heuraux, Ildar Khabibullin, Helmut Faugel. A new technique for tokamak edge density measurement based on microwave interferometer. Review of Scientific Instruments, 2022, 93, ⟨10.1063/5.0074838⟩. ⟨hal-03519870⟩
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