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Resistivity and low-frequency noise characteristics of epoxy-carbon composites

Abstract : Noise and electrical transport properties of composites based on epoxy resin filled with various carbon inclusions (single-walled carbon nanotubes, high surface area carbon black, and exfoliated graphite) were investigated in depth. The temperature dependence of resistivity shows that Mott's hopping and tunneling between conductive carbon particles dominate the charge carrier transport at low temperature, whereas a positive temperature coefficient effect occurs at higher temperature. Low-frequency noise spectra of the investigated materials comprise 1/fα type components. The noise level is the highest for composites close to the percolation threshold. The percolation threshold value of the system also strongly impacts both the temperature dependence of the noise level and the resistivity. Close to the percolation threshold, the noise level increases due to the carrier tunneling throughout the polymer matrix and decreases due to the rapid expansion of the polymer matrix. In contrast, the latter has almost no influence on the noise level far above the percolation threshold, and the small kink in the temperature dependence of the noise level indicates a crossover between tunneling and thermally activated electron transport mechanisms.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 9, 2022 - 5:19:38 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 9, 2022 - 8:27:46 AM
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Sandra Pralgauskaitė, Jonas Matukas, Marina Tretjak, Jan Macutkevic, Juras Banys, et al.. Resistivity and low-frequency noise characteristics of epoxy-carbon composites. Journal of Applied Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2017, 121 (11), pp.114303. ⟨10.1063/1.4978417⟩. ⟨hal-03563489⟩

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