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French general practitioners’ and patients’ acceptability of a public commitment charter and patient information leaflets targeting unnecessary antibiotic use: a qualitative study

Abstract : Abstract Background The ‘AntibioCharte’ randomised controlled study aimed at assessing the impact of a multifaceted antibiotic stewardship intervention targeting French general practitioners with higher-than-average antibiotic use. The intervention included a public commitment charter signed by the general practitioner, a non-prescription pad, and a patient information leaflet. Objectives We conducted a qualitative study to evaluate general practitioners’ fidelity in the intervention and its acceptability by patients and general practitioners. Methods This investigation was performed in northeastern France from July 2019 to May 2020, among the AntibioCharte intervention group after a 1-year implementation period. General practitioners’ fidelity in the charter was assessed by direct observations; general practitioners’ fidelity in the other tools, and acceptability of both general practitioners and patients were assessed through semi-structured face-to-face individual interviews. Results Twenty-seven general practitioners and 14 patients participated. General practitioners’ fidelity varied according to the tool: the charter was clearly displayed in most waiting rooms; the non-prescription pad was used throughout the intervention period by most general practitioners while the leaflet was used by fewer general practitioners. Both general practitioners and patients found the charter’s content and form relevant, but few general practitioners felt themselves publicly engaged. The waiting room may not be appropriate to display the charter as some general practitioners forgot it and patients did not always read the displayed documents. General practitioners appreciated the pad and found that it could help them change their practices. It was perceived as a good tool to educate patients and manage their expectations for antibiotics. Patients appreciated the pad too, especially information on the infections’ symptoms and their duration. Still, some patients feared that it could encourage doctors not to prescribe antibiotics. Unlike general practitioners, who considered the leaflet redundant with the information given during the consultation, patients found it useful to raise awareness on antibiotics’ specificities and risks, and remind them of good practices. Conclusions The AntibioCharte intervention was overall well accepted by general practitioners and patients. The non-prescription pad was the best perceived tool. Trial registration number ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04562571.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03571939
Contributor : Aurélie Bocquier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 14, 2022 - 9:27:36 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 12:00:07 PM

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Anaïs Essilini, Gaëlle Le Dref, Aurélie Bocquier, Joëlle Kivits, Adeline Welter, et al.. French general practitioners’ and patients’ acceptability of a public commitment charter and patient information leaflets targeting unnecessary antibiotic use: a qualitative study. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, BioMed Central, 2022, 11 (1), pp.32. ⟨10.1186/s13756-022-01065-3⟩. ⟨hal-03571939⟩

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