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Comprehensive strategy of conduit guidance combined with VEGF producing Schwann cells accelerates peripheral nerve repair

Abstract : Peripheral nerve regeneration requires stepwise and well-organized establishment of microenvironment. Since local delivery of VEGF-A in peripheral nerve repair is expected to promote angiogenesis in the microenvironment and Schwann cells (SCs) play critical role in nerve repair, combination of VEGF and Schwann cells may lead to efficient peripheral nerve regeneration. VEGF-A overexpressing Schwann cells were established and loaded into the inner wall of hydroxyethyl cellulose/soy protein isolate/polyaniline sponge (HSPS) conduits. When HSPS is mechanically distorted, it still has high durability of strain strength, thus, can accommodate unexpected strain of nerve tissues in motion. A 10 mm nerve defect rat model was used to test the repair performance of the HSPS-SC (VEGF) conduits, meanwhile the HSPS, HSPS-SC, HSPS-VEGF conduits and autografts were worked as controls. The immunofluorescent co-staining of GFP/VEGF-A, Ki67 and MBP showed that the VEGF-A overexpressing Schwann cells could promote the proliferation, migration and differentiation of Schwann cells as the VEGF-A was secreted from the VEGF-A overexpressing Schwann cells. The nerve repair performance of the multifunctional and flexible conduits was examined though rat behavioristics, electrophysiology, nerve innervation to gastrocnemius muscle (GM), toluidine blue (TB) staining, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and NF200/S100 double staining in the regenerated nerve. The results displayed that the effects on the repair of peripheral nerves in HSPS-SC (VEGF) group was the best among the conduits groups and closed to autografts. HSPS-SC (VEGF) group exhibited notably increased CD31+ endothelial cells and activation of VEGFR2/ERK signaling pathway in the regenerated nerve tissues, which probably contributed to the improved nerve regeneration. Altogether, the comprehensive strategy including VEGF overexpressing Schwann cells-mediated and HSPS conduit-guided peripheral nerve repair provides a new avenue for nerve tissue engineering.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03604040
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 10, 2022 - 11:22:17 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:55:18 AM

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Ping Wu, Zan Tong, Lihua Luo, Yanan Zhao, Feixiang Chen, et al.. Comprehensive strategy of conduit guidance combined with VEGF producing Schwann cells accelerates peripheral nerve repair. Bioactive Materials, KeAi Publishing, 2021, 6 (10), pp.3515-3527. ⟨10.1016/j.bioactmat.2021.03.020⟩. ⟨hal-03604040⟩

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