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Super-elasticity in vitro assessment of CuNiTi wires according to their Austenite finish temperature and the imposed displacement

Abstract : ABSTRACT Objectives To assess the super-elasticity of CuNiTi wires (Ormco, Glendora, Calif) according to their Austenite finish temperature (Af) and to the imposed displacement. The secondary objective was to compare the wire dimensions with the stated measurements and to study interbatch variability. Materials and Methods 10 types of CuNiTi wires (Ormco, Glendora, Calif) (n = 350) were investigated at 36 ± 1°C, with conventional brackets (Victory Series, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif). Tensile test with coronoapical displacement ranging from 1 to 5 mm of the canine bracket was imposed. The wire dimensions were initially measured from two batches (n = 10). Results Dimensional heterogeneity varied by ± 2.00% compared to the manufacturer's data, and even up to 5.54% for 0.014-inch CuNiTi (P = .00069). However, all unloading forces were reproducible. In decreasing order, the forces delivered by a CuNiTi 27 were greater than those with CuNiTi 35 and 40. The super-elasticity was expressed only for displacements of 1 to 2 mm, at best up to 3 mm for 0.014-inch CuNiTi 27. Conclusions The value of Af as well as the amount of imposed displacement seem to influence the expression of the super-elasticity of CuNiTi wires and the amount of corrected malocclusion. Among the tested wires, under these experimental conditions, 0.014-inch wire could be suitable as a first archwire. CuNiTi 35, therefore, seems to offer the best compromise among the force level, the expression of super-elasticity and the amount of malocclusion correction.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03606331
Contributor : Pascal Laheurte Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, March 11, 2022 - 4:59:31 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 12, 2022 - 3:22:18 AM

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Noémie Copelovici, Maï-Linh Tran, François Lefebvre, Pascal Laheurte, Delphine Wagner. Super-elasticity in vitro assessment of CuNiTi wires according to their Austenite finish temperature and the imposed displacement. Angle Orthodontist, E.H Angle Education and Research Foundation, 2022, ⟨10.2319/027121-575.1⟩. ⟨hal-03606331⟩

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