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Simultaneous hyperaccumulation of rare earth elements, manganese and aluminum in Phytolacca americana in response to soil properties

Abstract : The plant Phytolacca americana L. simultaneously hyperaccumulates manganese (Mn) and rare earth elements (REEs), but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, P. americana and the corresponding rhizosphere soil samples were collected from an ion-adsorption REE mine area in China, and the elemental composition and soil properties were analyzed in order to explore the relationship between metal accumulation and soil properties. The results show that P. americana accumulates high concentrations of REEs (up to 1040 mg kg- 1), Mn (up to 10400 mg kg- 1) and aluminum (Al) (up to 5960 mg kg- 1) in leaves. The REE concentrations in leaves were positively correlated with those of Al, Fe and Zn, while light REE concentrations were negatively correlated with P concentrations (p < 0.05). The soil properties explained 81.7%, 72.9% and 67.1% of REEs, Mn and Al accumulated in P. americana, respectively. The variation of REE accumulation in P. americana was primarily explained by plant available P (24.4%), pH (12.9%), TOC (9.4%) and total P (7.7%). The accumulation of Mn was primarily explained by plant available REEs (42.9%) and available Al (13.1%) while Al in P. americana was primarily explained by soil pH (14.4%). This study suggests the potential by regulation of soil properties in improving the efficiency of phytoextraction for REEs by hyperaccumulators.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03634952
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Submitted on : Friday, April 8, 2022 - 9:49:11 AM
Last modification on : Monday, April 11, 2022 - 2:54:22 PM

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Chong Liu, Wen-Shen Liu, Antony van der Ent, Jean Louis Morel, Hong-Xiang Zheng, et al.. Simultaneous hyperaccumulation of rare earth elements, manganese and aluminum in Phytolacca americana in response to soil properties. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2021, 282, pp.131096. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131096⟩. ⟨hal-03634952⟩

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