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Journal Articles Animals Year : 2022

Assessing Genetic Variation in Wild and Domesticated Pikeperch Populations: Implications for Conservation and Fish Farming

Abstract

The pikeperch is a freshwater/brackish water fish species with growing interest for European aquaculture. Wild populations show signs of decline in many areas of the species natural range due to human activities. The comparative evaluation of genetic status in wild and domesticated populations is extremely useful for the future establishment of genetic breeding programs. The main objective of the present study was to assess and compare the genetic variability of 13 domesticated populations from commercial farms and 8 wild populations, developing an efficient microsatellite multiplex tool for genotyping. Partial cytochrome b gene sequences were also used to infer phylogeographic relationships. Results show that on average, the domesticated populations do not exhibit significantly lower levels of genetic diversity compared to the wild ones and do not suffer from inbreeding. Nuclear data provide evidence that pikeperch populations in Europe belong to at least two genetically differentiated groups: the first one is predominantly present in Northern Europe and around the Baltic Sea, while the second one comprises populations from Central Europe. In this second group, Hungarian origin populations constitute a differentiated stock that needs special consideration. Aquaculture broodstocks analyzed appear to contain fish of a single origin with only a few exceptions.
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Dates and versions

hal-03673417 , version 1 (20-05-2022)

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Dimitrios Tsaparis, Thomas Lecocq, Dimitrios Kyriakis, Katerina Oikonomaki, Pascal Fontaine, et al.. Assessing Genetic Variation in Wild and Domesticated Pikeperch Populations: Implications for Conservation and Fish Farming. Animals, 2022, 12 (9), pp.1178. ⟨10.3390/ani12091178⟩. ⟨hal-03673417⟩
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