Mildly Reduced Doses of Adrenaline Do Not Affect Key Hemodynamic Parameters during Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in a Pig Model of Cardiac Arrest - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Medicine Year : 2021

Mildly Reduced Doses of Adrenaline Do Not Affect Key Hemodynamic Parameters during Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in a Pig Model of Cardiac Arrest

Abstract

Adrenaline is recommended for cardiac arrest resuscitation, but its effectiveness has been questioned recently. Achieving return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is essential and is obtained by increasing coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) after adrenaline injection. A threshold as high as 35 mmHg of CPP may be necessary to obtain ROSC, but increasing doses of adrenaline might be harmful to the brain. Our study aimed to compare the increase in CPP with reduced doses of adrenaline to the recommended 1 mg dose in a pig model of cardiac arrest. Fifteen domestic pigs were randomized into three groups according to the adrenaline doses: 1 mg, 0.5 mg, or 0.25 mg administered every 5 min. Cardiac arrest was induced by ventricular fibrillation; after 5 min of no-flow, mechanical chest compression was resumed. The Wilcoxon test and Kruskal–Wallis exact test were used for the comparison of groups. Fisher’s exact test was used to compare categorical variables. CPP, EtCO2 level, cerebral, and tissue near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were measured. CPP was significantly lower in the 0.25 mg group 90 s after the first adrenaline injection: 28.9 (21.2; 35.4) vs. 53.8 (37.8; 58.2) in the 1 mg group (p = 0.008), while there was no significant difference with 0.5 mg 39.6 (32.7; 52.5) (p = 0.056). Overall, 0.25 mg did not achieve the threshold of 35 mmHg. EtCO2 levels were higher at T12 and T14 in the 0.5 mg than in the standard group: 32 (23; 35) vs. 19 (16; 26) and 26 (20; 34) vs. 19 (12; 22) (p < 0.05). Cerebral and tissue NIRS did not show a significant difference between the three groups. CPP after 0.5 mg boluses of adrenaline was not significantly different from the recommended 1 mg in our model of cardiac arrest.
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hal-03690658 , version 1 (08-06-2022)

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Deborah Jaeger, Jonathan Koger, Helene Duhem, Caroline Fritz, Victor Jeangeorges, et al.. Mildly Reduced Doses of Adrenaline Do Not Affect Key Hemodynamic Parameters during Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in a Pig Model of Cardiac Arrest. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2021, 10 (20), pp.4674. ⟨10.3390/jcm10204674⟩. ⟨hal-03690658⟩
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