Renal effects of empagliflozin in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure: from the EMPULSE trial - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Heart Failure Year : 2022

Renal effects of empagliflozin in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure: from the EMPULSE trial

Abstract

Aim: The sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor empagliflozin improved clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure. In patients with chronic heart failure, SGLT2 inhibitors cause an early decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) followed by a slower eGFR decline over time than placebo. However, the effects of SGLT2 inhibitors on renal function during a hospital admission for acute heart failure remain largely unknown. Methods and results: Between 1 and 5 days after a hospitalization for acute heart failure, 530 patients with an eGFR >20 ml/min/1.73 m2 were randomized to 10 mg of empagliflozin or placebo and treated for 90 days. Renal function and electrolytes were measured at baseline, and after 15, 30 and 90 days. We evaluated the effect of empagliflozin on eGFR over time and the impact of baseline eGFR on the primary hierarchical outcome of death, worsening heart failure events and quality of life. Mean baseline eGFR was 52.4 ml/min/1.73 m2 in the empagliflozin group and 55.7 ml/min/1.73 m2 in the placebo group. Empagliflozin caused an initial decline in eGFR (-2 ml/min/1.73 m2 at day 15 compared to placebo). At day 90, eGFR was similar between empagliflozin and placebo. Investigator-reported acute renal failure occurred in 7.7% of empagliflozin versus 12.1% of placebo patients. The overall clinical benefit (hierarchical composite of all-cause death, heart failure events and quality of life) of empagliflozin was unaffected by baseline eGFR. Conclusion: In patients hospitalized for acute heart failure, empagliflozin caused an early modest decline in renal function which was no longer evident after 90 days. Acute renal events were similar in both groups. The clinical benefit of empagliflozin was consistent regardless of baseline renal function.
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hal-03794853 , version 1 (03-10-2022)

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Adriaan A Voors, Kevin Damman, John R Teerlink, Christiane E Angermann, Sean P Collins, et al.. Renal effects of empagliflozin in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure: from the EMPULSE trial. European Journal of Heart Failure, 2022, 24 (10), pp.1844-1852. ⟨10.1002/ejhf.2681⟩. ⟨hal-03794853⟩
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