The Lanthanide Tetrad Effect as an Exploration Tool for Granite-Related Rare Metal Ore Systems: Examples from the Iberian Variscan Belt - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Minerals Year : 2022

The Lanthanide Tetrad Effect as an Exploration Tool for Granite-Related Rare Metal Ore Systems: Examples from the Iberian Variscan Belt

António Mateus
Michel Cathelineau
Marie Christine Boiron
Isabel Ribeiro da Costa
Ícaro Dias da Silva
Miguel Gaspar

Abstract

Highly fractionated granites and related magmatic-hydrothermal ore-forming processes can be traced by elemental ratios such as Nb/Ta, K/Rb, Y/Ho, Sr/Eu, Eu/Eu*, Zr/Hf, and Rb/Sr. The lanthanide “tetrad effect” parameter (TE1,3) can also be a useful geochemical fingerprint of highly fractionated granites. This work assesses its application as an exploration vector for granite-related mineralization in the Central Iberian Zone by examining TE1,3 variations with different elemental ratios and with the concentrations of rare metals and fluxing elements (such as F, P, and B). The multi-elemental whole-rock characterization of the main Cambrian–Ordovician and Carboniferous–Permian granite plutons and late aplite–pegmatite dykes exposed across the Segura–Panasqueira Sn-W-Li belt show that the increase in TE1,3 values co-vary with magmatic differentiation and metal-enrichment, being the Carboniferous–Permian granite rocks the most differentiated, and metal specialized. The Argemela Li-Sn-bearing rare metal granite and the Segura Li-phosphate-bearing aplite–pegmatite dykes deviate from this geochemical trend, displaying TE1,3 < 1.1, but high P2O5 contents. The results suggest that mineralized rocks related to peraluminous-high-phosphorus Li-Sn granite systems are typified by TE1,3 < 1.1, whereas those associated with peraluminous-high-phosphorus Sn-W-Li (lepidolite) and peraluminous-low-phosphorus Sn-Ta-Nb granite systems display TE1,3 > 1.1, reaching values as high as 1.4 and 2.1, respectively.
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hal-03842388 , version 1 (07-11-2022)

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Ivo M. Martins, António Mateus, Michel Cathelineau, Marie Christine Boiron, Isabel Ribeiro da Costa, et al.. The Lanthanide Tetrad Effect as an Exploration Tool for Granite-Related Rare Metal Ore Systems: Examples from the Iberian Variscan Belt. Minerals, 2022, 12 (9), pp.1067. ⟨10.3390/min12091067⟩. ⟨hal-03842388⟩
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