Dynamics of Foliar Responses to O3 Stress as a Function of Phytotoxic O3 Dose in Hybrid Poplar - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Plant Science Year : 2021

Dynamics of Foliar Responses to O3 Stress as a Function of Phytotoxic O3 Dose in Hybrid Poplar

Abstract

With background concentrations having reached phytotoxic levels during the last century, tropospheric ozone (O 3) has become a key climate change agent, counteracting carbon sequestration by forest ecosystems. One of the main knowledge gaps for implementing the recent O 3 ux-based critical levels (CLs) concerns the assessment of effective O 3 dose leading to adverse effects in plants. In this study, we investigate the dynamics of physiological, structural, and morphological responses induced by two levels of O 3 exposure (80 and 100 ppb) in the foliage of hybrid poplar, as a function of phytotoxic O 3 dose (POD 0) and foliar developmental stage. After a latency period driven by foliar ontological development, the gas exchanges and chlorophyll content decreased with higher POD 0 monotonically. Hypersensitive response-like lesions appeared early during exposure and showed sigmoidal-like dynamics, varying according to leaf age. At current POD 1_SPEC CL, notwithstanding the aforementioned reactions and initial visible injury to foliage, the treated poplars had still not shown any growth or biomass reduction. Hence, this study demonstrates the development of a complex syndrome of early reactions below the ux-based CL, with response dynamics closely determined by the foliar ontological stage and environmental conditions. General agreement with patterns observed in the eld appears indicative of early O 3 impacts on processes relevant, e.g., biodiversity ecosystem services before those of economic signi cance-i.e., wood production, as targeted by ux-based CL.
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hal-03981723 , version 1 (10-02-2023)

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Benjamin Turc, Pierre Vollenweider, Didier Le Thiec, Anthony Gandin, Marcus Schaub, et al.. Dynamics of Foliar Responses to O3 Stress as a Function of Phytotoxic O3 Dose in Hybrid Poplar. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2021, 12, pp.679852. ⟨10.3389/fpls.2021.679852⟩. ⟨hal-03981723⟩
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