Nurses’ perceptions of the potential evolution of their role in antibiotic stewardship in nursing homes: a French qualitative study - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance Year : 2023

Nurses’ perceptions of the potential evolution of their role in antibiotic stewardship in nursing homes: a French qualitative study

Abstract

Abstract Background In nursing homes, infections and antibiotic prescriptions are frequent. Nursing home nurses (NHNs) and advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) could promote antibiotic stewardship (ABS). Few studies have explored nurses’ knowledge, perceptions and practices towards ABS in nursing homes and none has investigated the potential evolution of their roles. Objectives To explore French nurses’ perceptions on ABS, current and future potential roles in ABS in nursing homes, as well as facilitators and barriers. Methods We conducted a qualitative study in north-eastern France between October 2020 and March 2021 using semi-structured individual interviews with NHNs and a focus group with APRNs. Transcripts of the interviews were analysed using a thematic analysis. Results Twenty NHNs and seven APRNs participated. They were aware of antibiotic misuse and potential adverse events but lacked knowledge on some ABS aspects. NHNs’ current ABS roles ranged from the detection of clinical infectious signs to clinical monitoring of residents, with some heterogeneity between nurses. They had positive opinions towards playing a more prominent role in ABS. In the future, with additional training, changes in the legislative framework and greater multidisciplinary teamwork, NHNs thought they could prescribe laboratory microbiological analyses and some targeted antibiotic treatments. APRNs thought they could prescribe first-line antibiotics for urinary tract infections. Conclusions French NHNs’ current ABS roles could be expanded and new roles might be considered while taking into account several facilitators and barriers. According to APRNs, they could help to compensate for the limited presence of doctors in nursing homes and develop infectious diseases skills.

Dates and versions

hal-03982209 , version 1 (10-02-2023)

Identifiers

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Céline Bridey, Gaëlle Le Dref, Aurélie Bocquier, Stéphanie Bonnay, Céline Pulcini, et al.. Nurses’ perceptions of the potential evolution of their role in antibiotic stewardship in nursing homes: a French qualitative study. JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance, 2023, 5 (1), pp.dlad008. ⟨10.1093/jacamr/dlad008⟩. ⟨hal-03982209⟩
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