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Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2023

Accelerating ultrafast magnetization reversal by non-local spin transfer

Quentin Remy
Julius Hohlfeld
Maxime Vergès
Yann Le Guen
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1297094
Jon Gorchon
Grégory Malinowski
Stéphane Mangin
Michel Hehn
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Abstract

Abstract When exciting a magnetic material with a femtosecond laser pulse, the amplitude of magnetization is no longer constant and can decrease within a time scale comparable to the duration of the optical excitation. This ultrafast demagnetization can even trigger an ultrafast, out of equilibrium, phase transition to a paramagnetic state. The reciprocal effect, namely an ultrafast remagnetization from the zero magnetization state, is a necessary ingredient to achieve a complete ultrafast reversal. However, the speed of remagnetization is limited by the universal critical slowing down which appears close to a phase transition. Here we demonstrate that magnetization can be reversed in a few hundreds of femtoseconds by overcoming the critical slowing down thanks to ultrafast spin cooling and spin heating mechanisms. We foresee that these results outline the potential of ultrafast spintronics for future ultrafast and energy efficient magnetic memory and storage devices. Furthermore, this should motivate further theoretical works in the field of femtosecond magnetization reversal.
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hal-04024365 , version 1 (10-03-2023)

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Quentin Remy, Julius Hohlfeld, Maxime Vergès, Yann Le Guen, Jon Gorchon, et al.. Accelerating ultrafast magnetization reversal by non-local spin transfer. Nature Communications, 2023, 14 (1), pp.445. ⟨10.1038/s41467-023-36164-1⟩. ⟨hal-04024365⟩
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