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Journal Articles Sensors Year : 2023

Road User Position and Speed Estimation via Deep Learning from Calibrated Fisheye Videos

Yves Berviller
Masoomeh Shireen Ansarnia
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Etienne Tisserand
Patrick Schweitzer
Alain Tremeau
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Abstract

In this paper, we present a deep learning processing flow aimed at Advanced Driving Assistance Systems (ADASs) for urban road users. We use a fine analysis of the optical setup of a fisheye camera and present a detailed procedure to obtain Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) coordinates along with the speed of the moving objects. The camera to world transform incorporates the lens distortion function. YOLOv4, re-trained with ortho-photographic fisheye images, provides road user detection. All the information extracted from the image by our system represents a small payload and can easily be broadcast to the road users. The results show that our system is able to properly classify and localize the detected objects in real time, even in low-light-illumination conditions. For an effective observation area of 20 m × 50 m, the error of the localization is in the order of one meter. Although an estimation of the velocities of the detected objects is carried out by offline processing with the FlowNet2 algorithm, the accuracy is quite good, with an error below one meter per second for urban speed range (0 to 15 m/s). Moreover, the almost ortho-photographic configuration of the imaging system ensures that the anonymity of all street users is guaranteed.
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hal-04057237 , version 1 (04-04-2023)

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Yves Berviller, Masoomeh Shireen Ansarnia, Etienne Tisserand, Patrick Schweitzer, Alain Tremeau. Road User Position and Speed Estimation via Deep Learning from Calibrated Fisheye Videos. Sensors, 2023, 23 (5), pp.2637. ⟨10.3390/s23052637⟩. ⟨hal-04057237⟩
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