Analysis of suction-based gripping strategies in wildlife towards future evolutions of the obstetrical suction cup - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Bioinspiration and Biomimetics Year : 2022

Analysis of suction-based gripping strategies in wildlife towards future evolutions of the obstetrical suction cup

Abstract

The design of obstetrical suction cups used for vacuum assisted delivery has not substantially evolved through history despite of its inherent limitations. The associated challenges concern both the decrease of risk of soft tissue damage and failure of instrumental delivery due to detachment of the cup. The present study firstly details some of the suction-based strategies that have been developed in wildlife in order to create and maintain an adhesive contact with potentially rough and uneven substratum in dry or wet environments. Such strategies have permitted the emergence of bioinspired suction-based devices in the fields of robotics or biomedical patches that are briefly reviewed. The objective is then to extend the observations of such suction-based strategies toward the development of innovative medical suction cups. We firstly conclude that the overall design, shape and materials of the suction cups could be largely improved. We also highlight that the addition of a patterned surface combined with a viscous fluid at the interface between the suction cup and scalp could significantly limit the detachment rate and the differential pressure required to exert a traction force. In the future, the development of a computational model including a detailed description of scalp properties should allow to experiment various designs of bioinspired suction cups.
No file

Dates and versions

hal-04146753 , version 1 (30-06-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Y Vallet, Cédric P. Laurent, Charline Bertholdt, Rachid Rahouadj, Olivier Morel. Analysis of suction-based gripping strategies in wildlife towards future evolutions of the obstetrical suction cup. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics, 2022, 17 (6), pp.061003. ⟨10.1088/1748-3190/ac9878⟩. ⟨hal-04146753⟩
15 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More