What Is the Current Best Drug Treatment for Hypertensive Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction? Review of the Totality of Evidence - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles American Journal of Hypertension Year : 2023

What Is the Current Best Drug Treatment for Hypertensive Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction? Review of the Totality of Evidence

Kaja Sevre
  • Function : Author
Aurora Rist
  • Function : Author
Bertram Pitt

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND More than 90% of patients developing heart failure (HF) have an epidemiological background of hypertension. The most frequent concomitant conditions are type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, atrial fibrillation, and coronary disease, all disorders/diseases closely related to hypertension. METHODS HF outcome research focuses on decreasing mortality and preventing hospitalization for worsening HF syndrome. All drugs that decrease these HF endpoints lower blood pressure. Current drug treatments for HF are (i) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, or angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitors, (ii) selected beta-blockers, (iii) steroidal and nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, and (iv) sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. RESULTS For various reasons, these drug treatments were first studied in HF patients with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). However, subsequently, they have been investigated and, as we see it, documented as beneficial in HF patients with a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, HFpEF) and mostly hypertensive etiology, with effect estimates assessed partly on top of background treatment with the drugs already proven effective in HFrEF. Additionally, diuretics are given on symptomatic indications. CONCLUSIONS Considering the totality of evidence and the overall need for antihypertensive treatment and/or treatment of hypertensive complications in almost all HF patients, the principal drug treatment of HF appears to be the same regardless of LVEF. Rather than LVEF-guided treatment of HF, treatment of HF should be directed by symptoms (related to the level of fluid retention), signs (tachycardia), severity (NYHA functional class), and concomitant diseases and conditions. All HF patients should be given all the drug classes mentioned above if well tolerated.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
hpad073.pdf (778.04 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-04192613 , version 1 (31-08-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Kaja Sevre, Aurora Rist, Kristian Wachtell, Richard B Devereux, Gerard P Aurigemma, et al.. What Is the Current Best Drug Treatment for Hypertensive Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction? Review of the Totality of Evidence. American Journal of Hypertension, 2023, ⟨10.1093/ajh/hpad073⟩. ⟨hal-04192613⟩

Collections

UNIV-LORRAINE
15 View
14 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More