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Journal Articles World Journal of Gastroenterology Year : 2021

Viral infections in inflammatory bowel disease: Tips and tricks for correct management

Abstract

Over the past decades, the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) has become more targeted, anticipating the use of immune-modifying therapies at an earlier stage. This top-down approach has been correlated with favorable short and long-term outcomes, but it has also brought with it concerns regarding potential infectious complications. This large IBD population treated with immune-modifying therapies, especially if combined, has an increased risk of severe infections, including opportunistic infections that are sustained by viral, bacterial, parasitic, and fungal agents. Viral infections have emerged as a focal safety concern in patients with IBD, representing a challenge for the clinician: they are often difficult to diagnose and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The first step is to improve effective preventive strategies, such as applying vaccination protocols, adopt adequate prophylaxis and educate patients about potential risk factors. Since viral infections in immunosuppressed patients may present atypical signs and symptoms, the challenges for the gastroenterologist are to suspect, recognize and diagnose such complications. Appropriate treatment of common viral infections allows us to minimize their impact on disease outcomes and patients' lives. This practical review supports this standard of care to improve knowledge in this subject area.

Dates and versions

hal-04214642 , version 1 (22-09-2023)

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Vincenzo Craviotto, Federica Furfaro, Laura Loy, Alessandra Zilli, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, et al.. Viral infections in inflammatory bowel disease: Tips and tricks for correct management. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2021, 27 (27), pp.4276-4297. ⟨10.3748/wjg.v27.i27.4276⟩. ⟨hal-04214642⟩
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