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Book Section Year : 2020

Dewetting: From Physics to the Biology of Intoxicated Cells

Abstract

Pathogenic bacteria colonize or disseminate into cells and tissues by inducing large-scale remodeling of host membranes. The physical phenomena underpinning these massive membrane extension and deformation are poorly understood. Invasive strategies of pathogens have been recently enriched by the description of a spectacular mode of opening of large transendothelial cell macroaperture (TEM) tunnels correlated to the dissemination of EDIN-producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus via a hematogenous route or to the induction of gelatinous edema triggered by the edema toxin from Bacillus anthracis. Remarkably, these highly dynamic tunnels close rapidly after they reach a maximal size. Opening and closure of TEMs in cells lasts for hours without inducing endothelial cell death. Multidisciplinary studies have started to provide a broader perspective of both the molecular determinants controlling cytoskeleton organization at newly curved membranes generated by the opening of TEMs and the physical processes controlling the dynamics of these tunnels. Here we discuss the analogy between the opening of TEM tunnels and the physical principles of dewetting, stemming from a parallel between membrane tension and surface tension. This analogy provides a broad framework to investigate biophysical constraints in cell membrane dynamics and their diversion by certain invasive microbial agents.
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hal-04577825 , version 1 (16-05-2024)

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David Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Camille Morel, Emmanuel Lemichez. Dewetting: From Physics to the Biology of Intoxicated Cells. Physical Microbiology, 1267, Springer International Publishing, pp.101-115, 2020, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-46886-6_6⟩. ⟨hal-04577825⟩
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