Identification of endophenotypes supporting outcome prediction in hemodialysis patients based on mechanistic markers of statin treatment - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Heliyon Year : 2024

Identification of endophenotypes supporting outcome prediction in hemodialysis patients based on mechanistic markers of statin treatment

Abstract

Background Statins are widely used to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis have significantly increased risk of developing CVD. Statin treatment in these patients however did not show a statistically significant benefit in large trials on a patient cohort level. Methods We generated gene expression profiles for statins to investigate the impact on cellular programs in human renal proximal tubular cells and mesangial cells in-vitro. We subsequently selected biomarkers from key statin-affected molecular pathways and assessed these biomarkers in plasma samples from the AURORA cohort, a double-blind, randomized, multi-center study of patients on hemodialysis or hemofiltration that have been treated with rosuvastatin. Patient clusters (phenotypes) were created based on the identified biomarkers using Latent Class Model clustering and the associations with outcome for the generated phenotypes were assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression models. The multivariable models were adjusted for clinical and biological covariates based on previously published data in AURORA. Results The impact of statin treatment on mesangial cells was larger as compared with tubular cells with a large overlap of differentially expressed genes identified for atorvastatin and rosuvastatin indicating a predominant drug class effect. Affected molecular pathways included TGFB-, TNF-, and MAPK-signaling and focal adhesion among others. Four patient clusters were identified based on the baseline plasma concentrations of the eight biomarkers. Phenotype 1 was characterized by low to medium levels of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and high levels of interleukin 6 (IL6) or matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and it was significantly associated with outcome showing increased risk of developing major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) or cardiovascular death. Phenotype 2 had high HGF but low Fas cell surface death receptor (FAS) levels and it was associated with significantly better outcome at 1 year. Conclusions In this translational study, we identified patient subgroups based on mechanistic markers of statin therapy that are associated with disease outcome in patients on hemodialysis.
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hal-04582153 , version 1 (21-05-2024)

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Johannes Leierer, Madonna Salib, Michail Evgeniou, Patrick Rossignol, Ziad A Massy, et al.. Identification of endophenotypes supporting outcome prediction in hemodialysis patients based on mechanistic markers of statin treatment. Heliyon, 2024, 10 (9), pp.e30709. ⟨10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e30709⟩. ⟨hal-04582153⟩
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