The impact of emotions on public attitudes and social acceptability of coal gas exploitation after the outbreak of the conflict - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2022

The impact of emotions on public attitudes and social acceptability of coal gas exploitation after the outbreak of the conflict

L'impact des émotions sur les attitudes du public et l'acceptabilité sociale de l'exploitation du gaz de charbon après le commencement du conflit

Abstract

Introduction: Barbier and Agnoletti (2021) explored the role of different factors on the social acceptability of coal gas exploitation in Lorraine. A study of representations highlighted that trust (in politicians, researchers, and companies), pro-environmental habits, perceived costs/benefits, perceived effects on people's health and emotions led to favourable vs. unfavourable attitudes towards this project. A few months after this study, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine revive the discussion about the coal gas exploitation project in Lorraine. We can then ask ourselves if this event has modified (or not) the social representations regarding the project. Indeed, social representations have the characteristic of being dynamic, of transforming and modifying themselves (Doise and Palmonari, 1986) according to the social context. Thus, we could expect that socio- political events would contribute to an evolution of representations, but also of the role of emotions and pro-environmental habits on the attitudes of the population and the acceptability of the project. The objective of the present study is therefore to examine the possible evolution of representations of the Lorrain coal gas exploitation by focusing on the role of positive vs. negative emotions on the respondents' favourable vs. unfavourable attitudes and social acceptability. Method: First, we conducted semi-directive interviews to explore the universe of representation of a general population. To deepen this first approach, a questionnaire was diffused among the participants. Results: The processed data from the lexical analysis allow the identification of 4 lexical classes, which are opposed to each other, such as mental states (anger, worry), representations (shale gas, natural gas), perceived risks (explosion, dangerous) and territory (region, place), in relation to the exploitation. On the syntactic-semantic level, the emotions of "anger", "fear" and "concern" appear in connection with the terms "gas", "environment" and "place", in a discourse involving the interviewees personally (first person singular). The data collected from the questionnaire are being processed and suggest that the social acceptability of coal gas is indeed related to perceived risks (especially for the environment) and benefits (especially economic) and emotions (cf. joy, relief, fear, anxiety, and anger). Thus, we identify some factors like those of the study by Barbier and Agnoletti (2021) with the exception of perceived risks for people’s health and pro-environmental habits, and further explore the role and type of emotions involved. Negative emotions reflect the idea that coal gas exploitation is dangerous. In view of the data, we will attempt to identify explanatory hypotheses for this perception.
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Dates and versions

hal-04591620 , version 1 (29-05-2024)

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  • HAL Id : hal-04591620 , version 1

Cite

Alan Hasselberger, Marie-France Agnoletti. The impact of emotions on public attitudes and social acceptability of coal gas exploitation after the outbreak of the conflict. DEEPSURF 2022, Impact DEEPSURF, Université de Lorraine, Oct 2022, Nancy, France. ⟨hal-04591620⟩
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