Chapitre 1. L’héraldique dans l’espace public - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Book Section Year : 2023

Chapitre 1. L’héraldique dans l’espace public

Abstract

Metz, now a francophone city, was nevertheless a Free imperial city, independent of the kingdom of France. It was the sole responsibility of its patriciate to preside over the destiny of a population composed of more than 20,000 inhabitants. The economic dynamism and political power of the urban oligarchy was manifested by the construction and decoration of private mansions, the creation and/or embellishment of religious buildings, and even by a true evergetism. In contrast to the armorials that nourished them, the heraldic representations that were linked to its achievements are poorly preserved. In addition to André de Rineck's armorial of 1473 (Vienna, österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Cod. 3336), two other related armorials from Metz are preserved. In 1507, a wealthy merchant from Metz, probably on the initiative of the patriciate, had a huge textile piece executed and decorated with a large number of coats of arms from Metz. This remarkable masterpiece, like other heraldic representations, has disappeared, it is only attested by urban chronicles yet the corpus of painted ceilings is sufficient to give an idea of this type of representation’s significance in Metz. The »heraldisation« of urban space, which is little attested outside, is nonetheless better documented in both private and public interiors, which can be as secular as ecclesiastical. Thanks to the latest research on these issues, we will attempt to identify the heraldic decor in which the great moments of Messine life were taking place.

Dates and versions

hal-04602934 , version 1 (06-06-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Jean-Christophe Blanchard. Chapitre 1. L’héraldique dans l’espace public. Metz 1500, Presses universitaires du Septentrion, pp.47-64, 2023, ⟨10.4000/books.septentrion.152897⟩. ⟨hal-04602934⟩
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