Systemic Inflammatory Indices and Liver Dysfunction in Turner Syndrome Patients: A Retrospective Case-control Study - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of the Endocrine Society Year : 2024

Systemic Inflammatory Indices and Liver Dysfunction in Turner Syndrome Patients: A Retrospective Case-control Study

Abstract

Context Liver function abnormalities have been reported in patients with Turner syndrome (TS); however, the pathophysiological mechanisms have not been well elucidated. Low-grade inflammation has been associated with metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease. Objective We studied systemic inflammatory indices [aspartate transaminase to lymphocyte ratio index (ALRI), aspartate transaminase to platelet ratio index (APRI), gamma-glutamyl transferase to platelet ratio (GPR), neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio (NLR), and platelet lymphocyte ratio and examined their associations with the hepatic abnormalities observed in these subjects. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 79 patients with TS (mean age 32.5 ± 9.2 SD years) who were treated at the University Hospital of Nancy. Using matched-pair analyses based on age and body mass index (BMI), we compared 66 patients with TS (25.6 ± 7.3 years; BMI 25.9 ± 6.3 kg/m2) to 66 healthy control participants (24.7 ± 6.8 years; BMI 26 ± 6.7 kg/m2). Results Liver function abnormalities were present in 57% of the patients with TS. The ALRI, APRI, GPR, and NLR were significantly greater in patients with TS who presented with liver dysfunction than in patients with TS who had normal liver function. According to the matched-pair analyses, the ALRI, APRI, and GPR were greater in patients with TS than in healthy control participants. Logistic regression revealed that a diagnosis of TS was significantly associated with ALRI, APRI, and GPR and liver dysfunction. Conclusion Noninvasive inflammatory indices (ALRI, APRI, and GPR) might be a promising indicators of liver dysfunction in patients with TS. Future prospective studies are needed to confirm our findings and to explore the clinical significance and prognostic value of systemic inflammatory indices in Turner syndrome.
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hal-04612402 , version 1 (14-06-2024)

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Nadia Zaegel, Rigleta Brahimaj, Shyuefang Battaglia-Hsu, Zohra Lamiral, Eva Feigerlova. Systemic Inflammatory Indices and Liver Dysfunction in Turner Syndrome Patients: A Retrospective Case-control Study. Journal of the Endocrine Society, 2024, 8 (7), pp.bvae099. ⟨10.1210/jendso/bvae099⟩. ⟨hal-04612402⟩
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