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Vieillissement dans les processus réaction-diffusion sans bilan détaillé

Abstract : The objective of the project, which title is "Ageing in reaction-diffusion processes without detailed balance", is to arrive at a better understanding of the physical behaviour of strongly interacting many-body systems. In particular, such systems can exhibit a collective behaviour with new qualities which are not present at the microscopic level. It is in this context that we focus on the ageing. As an answer, we could argue that the second law of the thermodynamics might be sufficient to justify the ageing. However, that law alone does not suffice if one wishes to understand more deeply the underlying processes responsible of these ageing phenomena. For this motive, we consider exactly solvable systems in order to obtain precise analytical results on very simple models which later on could help to form a correct physical intuition. A common type of this kind of system is particle-reaction models with reaction-diffusion dynamics. More precisely, we have studied intrinsically irreversible systems, whose dynamics does not satisfy detailed balance and which relax towards non-equilibrium stationary states. Indeed, while for systems that obey the detailed balance relations, the fluctuation-dissipation relationship is well known, that is no longer the case for more general systems. This thesis focuses on two different models; the first one is the bosonic contact process (and also the bosonic pair-contact process) with a long range transport of particules ("Lévy flights") and the second one is the coagulation-diffusion process. In both models, characteristic two-time observables such as the two-time correlations and responses are found exactly and their exact scaling forms are extracted, especially the values of the non-equilibrium exponents characterising ageing are found. Our results suggest a novel generalisation of the fluctuation-dissipation ratio whose applicability is tested in a large set of models. Its physical interpretation remains an open question for future research
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01746202
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  • HAL Id : tel-01746202, version 1

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Xavier Durang. Vieillissement dans les processus réaction-diffusion sans bilan détaillé. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN10051⟩. ⟨tel-01746202⟩

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