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Prétraitement du miscanthus x giganteus : vers une valorisation optimale de la biomasse lignocellulosique

Abstract : Miscanthus x giganteus (MxG) is, because of its composition, a source of renewable lignocellulosic material that can be of great interest for the production of high added value molecules. MxG used in this work comes from the agricultural high school of Courcelles-Chaussy, Metz-France. Its high content of hemicelluloses (26 %), lignin (26 %) and cellulose (36 %) makes it a good source of polymers and renewable fuel. In the present study we have characterized the straw of MxG and optimized the process of delignification in a single step (1) by an ethanol organosolv treatment and in a two steps (2) including an autohydrolysis pretreatment with water / organosolv. The ethanol organosolv process permits a good separation of the three constituents of our biomass (lignin, cellulose and hemicelluloses). The two steps treatment process, involving an autohydrolysis with water (in the presence or absence of 2-naphthol) before the pretreatment organosolv has facilitated the later stage of delignification in destructurizing the lignin. An investigation of the physico-chemical properties was performed on the structure of the milled wood lignin and organosolv lignin of MxG extracted with different treatment severities. A way of valorization for the organosolv lignin has been proposed by their incorporation in the formulation of an adhesive for wood in which a non volatile and low toxic aldehyde (glyoxal) is used instead of formaldehyde. A formulation consisting in 100 % of natural resins (60 % tannins of mimosa and 40 % of glyoxalated lignin) was used for the production of particle board and gave promising results with internal bond strength of 0.41 MPa, higher than the value of the current European standard. Finally, a study was conducted on the antioxidant properties of organosolv lignin extracted at different severities. The results have shown a correlation between the antioxidant activity and the operating conditions of treatment organosolv, the average molecular weight, the polydispersity index and the phenolic hydroxyl groups of lignin
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Roland El Hage. Prétraitement du miscanthus x giganteus : vers une valorisation optimale de la biomasse lignocellulosique. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN10063⟩. ⟨tel-01746360⟩

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