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Fluides et fracturations dans les gisements de type porphyre et épithermal

Abstract : In metallogeny, it is now obvious that fluids are the main vectors of metals and that fluids and deformations are closely associated in the mineralizing processes. This work deals about this two main aspects in the porphyry and epithermal environment. Fluid studies, realised in the epithermal district of Shila (SW Peru), allow to state a mineralizing model at the district scale. The differences observed in the PVT properties of the fluids seem to explain the different types and styles of mineralization. At Apacheta, studies of the vertical evolution of the physico-chemical parameters of the fluids in parallel to the mineralization show that differences, observed between deep levels (Pb-Zn) and shallower levels (AuAg), is directly linked to a fractionation of gases present in fluids during a boiling event. The geochemistry (crush-leach) of the fluids associated to this type of mineralization in various districts (Shila, Pero; Baia Mare and Apuseni Moutains, Romania; Pongkor, Indonesia) are similar whatever their geodynamic context and are comparable with the fluids associated to geothermal systems. Analyses of fracture networks has been realised at macroscopic scale on different (mineralized or not) vein systems. They allow in a first time to establish a new methodology to characterize paleostresses taking into account the influence of the fluid pressure. Applied on the Soultz-sous-Forêts vein system, this method gives realistic paleostress magnitudes linked to the reopening of quartz veins. The mineralized stockwerk of the Rosia Poieni porphyry copper (Apuseni Mts, Romania) has been chosen for a statistical and hydraulic characterization in order to understand how mineralized vein system evolve and grow. A 1D sampling of the stockwerk has been realized on 2000 fractures distributed on five levels of the open pit (910, 940, 1000, 1045 and 1060 ml. Various statistical analyses has been applied and heterogeneities observed in the stockwerk (metric scale) express directly variations in the copper content. Statistical description of the stockwerk properties seems thus to be a very powerful prospective tool. Estimation of hydraulic conductivities developed by veins has been realized and show equally heterogeneities at the quarry scale. The mean permeability developed by all the veins on each profile decrease from the deeper and more mineralized level (910m) to the highest level (1060m). High permeabilities developed on the 910 m profile are linked to the presence of major drains and the clustered organization of veins. The level 1060 m, characterized by numerous and thin veins with a homogeneous spatial repartition, develop a more pervasive permeability.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 10:46:05 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:13:03 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01746849, version 1



Anne-Sylvie André-Mayer. Fluides et fracturations dans les gisements de type porphyre et épithermal. Sciences de la Terre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2000. Français. ⟨NNT : 2000NAN10176⟩. ⟨tel-01746849⟩



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